French dictionary of definitions (SYNAPSE)
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Dictionnaire de définitions français (SYNAPSE)
The French dictionary of definitions (SYNAPSE) was designed by linguists graduated in France with the objective of being used on digital media. Consequently:
- definitions are provided on a linear format with a classification based on syntactic form (and not under a hierarchic form of senses),
- definitions of each word sense are short and autonomous.
It was built starting from 2007 with annual updates up to 2016.
The dictionary contains:
- 216,835 entries distributed as follows: 147,378 nouns, 80,552 adjectives, 24,001 verbs, 4,677 adverbs, 1,560 prefixes, 107 prepositions, 614 interjections, 147 pronouns, 42 conjunctions, 27 articles (one lexical entry may correspond to several morphosyntactic categories)
- 309,078 definitions
- 7,395 phraseological units (phrases)
Grammatical information for each entry consists of: grammatical category, gender, number, inflected forms.
This dictionary is provided in XML format together with its DTD.
The following tags are used:
id:orth: entry word that contains the following sub-tags:
idx:infl: morpho-syntactic category
idx:form: inflected forms of the category
information: contains the list of senses corresponding to the entry and related category "sense"
"sense" category may contain several tags:
in_other_register: link to one or several other entries which may be found at different language levels
style_comment: comments on the style. Value "nouvelle orthographe" (new spelling) is indicated when the entry word was created under 1991 reform. Abbreviation extensions are also given.
domain: domain level
register: context of usage, for borrowings or regionalisms
uppercase: entry word starting with an uppercase. Corresponding information needs to be related with the term starting with an uppercase.
alternative: spelling variant
When tag "idx:infl" includes the "expressions" feature, it gives the following additional information:
syntagm: set expression containing the entry word
syntagm_definition: definition of the set expression tagged in "syntagm"
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